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|NAKURU INTRODUCTION :|
Lake Nakuru National Park has been gazetted in 1963 to protect its shallow soda lake, a natural water catchment on the flank of a large volcanic calderas in the heart of the Kenyan Rift Valley.
Second most visited park of Kenya, this small park is a favourite destination for ornithologists. Some years ago, the arrival of thousands of flamingoes landing onto the lake has been dubbed "the greatest bird spectacle on Earth".
Close to Nakuru, fourth largest town of Kenya, the park is surrounded by fascinating volcanic sceneries : North by the Menengai crater, North-East by the Bahati hills, East by the Lion hill, South by the Eburu crater and West by the Mau escarpment.
In central Rift Valley, the park is relatively close to other parks (Aberdare, Hell's gate), reserves (Lake Bogoria, lake Baringo) and geological sites and is a perfect one-day stopover destination.
|How to get there :|
From Nairobi, take the Naivasha uplands road (A104) direction Naivasha. The road up to Naivasha is in very good state.
Pass Naivasha town on your left to continue towards Nakuru town.
Driving tip : Do not drive to close to the lake as the shore, a wet greyish ash powder, is very soft.
Distance Nairobi-Nakuru : 160 km - Distance Naivasha-Nakuru : 70 km
|LAKE NAKURU NATIONAL PARK :|
Formed 12 millions years ago, after the huge depression of the Great Rift Valley, lake Nakuru, as most alkaline lake, is guarded by a dormant volcano which catch and filter rain water. Dependant to annual rainfall, the lake keeps decreasing since 1997 and it is only 3.5 m (11.5 ft.) deep during wet seasons. The ecosystem is threatened by annual drought (nakuru means "dusty place" in Maa).
This strongly alkaline lake (62 sq. km) is a paradise for ornithologists as the lake is home to flamingoesN, water birds (pelicansN) and a variety of terrestrial birds living in the forested areas
Thanks to K.W.S. effort to enlarge and fence the park and to reintroduce rare mammals (rhinosN), Rotschild giraffeN) the park is an unique rewarding destination for game viewing and wildlifeN.
There is one main road going around the shore of the lake which is bounded on the eastern and western sides by rocky hillsides covered by prehistorical forests and woodlands. The Lookout point on the Baboon cliff offer magnificent views across the lake. The southern side are grasslands and dry bushes and you may visit the Makalia falls.
Near Nakuru town, you can also visit the Hyrax Valley and the Menengai crater, the largest volcanic calderas of Kenya.
|LAKE NAKURU NAT. PARK Flash (full size) --- GIF (full Size)|
|Flash Tip - Click left in the map to zoom or to print|
|PLACES/THINGS TO SEE|
|. PICTURES GALLERY - DIAPORAMA. See the picture's list for Nakuru SEARCH: in|
Altitude : 1,758 m - 5,768 ft.|
Area : Park: 188 sq. km - Lake: 62 sq. km
Localisation : 160 km km from Nairobi - Nakuru District (Rift Valley Province)
Entrances : The park has three gates (Main, Lanet and Nderit gates) and one major airstip.
Open : Daily from 6.00 am to 7.00 pm. No entry is allowed on foot and visitors will not be allowed in the park after 6.15 pm.
Historic : Bird sanctuary in 1960. Gazetted National Park in 1968. Addition of a northern extension in 1974. Lake designated as a Ramsar site in 1990 (protection of wetlands).
The Warden : Senior Warden, Lake Nakuru National Park, P.O. BOX 539, Nakuru - Kenya.
Tel: (254-051) 44069/45287, E-mail:email@example.com
o Flamingo (Greater and Lesser) and other water birds including a variety of terrestrial birds numbering about 450 species in total.
o Mammals: 56 different species including white and black rhinos.
o View-points: Lion hill, Baboon cliff and Out of Africa hill
o Makalia waterfalls and Njoro, Makalia and Nderit rivers
o Hills: Enasoit, Honeymoon, Lion hill ridge etc.
o Unique vegetation with about 550 plant species including the largest euphorbia forest of Africa
|WILDLIFE/VEGETATION --> Just click on the name to see snapshots and a fact sheet of the animal...|
!! Print a checklist for your next safari !!
|Bushbuck - Dik-dik (Kirk's) - Duiker (Blue) - Duiker (Common) - Gazelle (Grantís) - Gazelle (Thomson's) - Impala - Klipspringer - Reedbuck (Bohor) - Reedbuck (Chanlerís mountain) - Steinbok - Waterbuck (Defassa) -|
|Other ungulates and mammals :|
|Buffalo (Cape) - Giraffe (Rotschild) - Hippopotamus - Hyrax (Bruceís) - Hyrax (Eastern Tree) - Hyrax (Rock) - Hyrax (Southern Tree) - Warthog (Common) - Zebra (Common) -|
|Aardwolf - Cat (African Wild) - Cheetah - Civet (African) - Dog (Hunting) - Fox (Bat-eared) - Genet (Large-spotted) - Genet (Small-spotted) - Hyena (Spotted) - Jackal (Black-backed) - Jackal (Common) - Jackal (Side-striped) - Leopard - Mongoose (Banded) - Mongoose (Dwarf) - Mongoose (Grey) - Mongoose (Marsh) - Mongoose (Slender) - Mongoose (White-tailed) - Ratel - Serval - Zorilla -|
|Baboon (Savannah) - Bushbaby (Lesser) - Colobus (Eastern Black-White) - Monkey (Blue/Sykes/Diademed) - Monkey (Green Vervet) -|
|Others (rabbits, hares, insectivores) :|
|Aardvak - Pangolin (Temminckís ground) - Hare (Cape) - Hare (Spring) - Porcupine (Crested) -|
|The vegetation of the park is mainly woodlands and bushy grasslands with a wide ecological diversity and characteristic habitats (including includes sedge marshes, seasonally flooded grassland, dry grassland, swampland riparian forest, and various types of dry wood and scrubland) that range from the lake waters to the escarpment and ridges. The lake water supports a dense bloom of the blue-green Cyanophyte Spirulina platensis from which it derives its colour and which is the major food source for the flamingo. The lake is fringed by alkaline swamps with areas of sedge, Cyprus laevigatus and typha marsh along the river inflows and springs. The surrounding areas support a dry transitional savanna with lake margin grasslands of Sporobolus spicatus salt grass moving into grasslands of Hyparrhenia hirta and rhodes grass Chloris gayana in the lower areas. More elevated areas have dry forest with Acacia xanthophloea, olive Olea hochstetteri and Croton dichogamus; Euphorbia candelabrum forest; and bushland dominated by the composites, Mulelechwa Tarchonanthus camphoratus and Psiadia arabica. Rocky hillsides on the parks eastern perimeter are covered with Tarchonanthys scrub and a magnificent Euphobia candelabrum forest.|
Text provided by the K.W.S. Nakuru webpage.
|Smartcard is needed to enter.
Smarcards can be obtained and loaded at the main gate.
ENTRANCE FEES/DAY :
Source : K.W.S. park tariffs
Adult resident - 500 Kshs
Children resident - 200 Kshs
Adult non resident - 30 US
Children non resident - 10 US
VEHICLE FEES/DAY :
Less than 6 seat - 200 Kshs
6 to 12 seats - 500 Kshs
|CAMPING SITES & BANDAS/SELF-CATERING (in/around the park)|
|LODGES, TENTED CAMPS & HOTELS (in/around the park) Report broken link - Keep me up-to-date|
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